Saturday, June 1, 2013
Serbia is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast
Europe. The country is landlocked and borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedonia to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia,
and Montenegro to the west; also, it borders Albania
through the disputed region of Kosovo. Serbia is a member of the UN, Council
of Europe and OSCE.
It is also an official candidate for membership in the European
Union, which the EC recommended
for opening of EU entry talks by June 2013, and
a neutral country. Serbia
is an upper-middle income economy (WB, IMF), which has made largest progress in the region
in terms of overall democracy scores and democratic, economic and governance
On 28 June 1914, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. In defense of its ally, Russia mobilized its troops, which resulted in Austria-Hungary's ally Germany declaring war on Russia. The retaliation by Austria-Hungary against Serbia activated a series of military alliances that set off a chain reaction of war declarations across the continent, leading to the outbreak of World War I within a month. Despite initial success, Serbia was eventually overpowered by the Central Powers in 1915. Most of its army and some people went into exile to Greece, where they regrouped and returned to the Macedonian front to lead a final breakthrough through enemy lines on 15 September 1918, liberating Serbia and defeating the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Bulgaria.
In 1941, the Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia. The territory of modern Serbia was divided between Hungary, Bulgaria, Croatia and Italy (greater Albania and Montenegro), while the remaining part of Serbia was placed under German Military administration. The occupied territory was the scene of a civil war between royalist Chetniks commanded by Draža Mihailović and communist partisans commanded by Josip Broz Tito. Against these forces were arrayed Axis auxiliary units of the Serbian Volunteer Corps and the Serbian State Guard.
On 21 May 2006, Montenegro held a referendum to determine whether to end its union with Serbia. The next day, state-certified results showed 55.4% of voters in favor of independence, which was just above the 55% required by the referendum. On 5 June 2006, the National Assembly of Serbia declared Serbia to be the legal successor to the former state union. In April 2008 Serbia was invited to join the intensified dialogue programme with NATO despite the diplomatic rift with the alliance over Kosovo. Serbia applied for the European Union membership in December 2009 and became an official candidate in March 2012.
at 5:38 AM